(E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45

The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45

Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 John Toland » 6 Read Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland This Pulitzer Prize–winning history of World War II chronicles the dramatic rise and fall of the Japanese empire from the invasion of Manchuria and China to the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Told from the Japanese perspective The Rising Sun is in the author?. Shigenori Togo had just arrived at the Palace grounds Stars shone brilliantly It was going to be a fine day The Foreign Minister was immediately ushered into the Emperor s presence It was almost at the exact moment that Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomurawas supposed to see Secretary of State Cordell Hull Togo read President Roosevelt s message and the proposed draft of the Emperor s reply The Emperor approved the reply and his countenance Togo thought reflected a noble feeling of brotherhood with all peoples The spacious plaza outside the Sakashita Gate was deserted and as Togo drove away the sole noise in the city was the crunching of gravel under the car tires His mind was far away in a few minute one of the most momentous days in the history of the world would begin John Toland The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 1945 By my last count there were one gazillion books on World War II with coming out every week And it will never stop World War II will continue to be refought between the covers and on Kindles long after human memory of the event is gone It will be told for as long as there are people to tell stories The uestion then is which of those books to read You can spend your entire life reading World War II books and not even scratch the surface Besides there are other things to do in life Like drinking or reading about the American Civil War or doing both at the same time Thankfully there are a few landmark books the ones that everyone can name the ones that are certified as classic that stand out from the pack like a guy wearing an Armani suit at a clown college or a clown at an Armani store if you prefer In the European Theater of Operations one of those classics is William Shirer s The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich Shirer was a journalist who spent time in prewar Nazi Germany and even followed the Nazis into France Concerned that the Gestapo was going to arrest him Shirer fled Germany in 1940 and later wrote his seminal account a history of the Second World War as seen through the eyes of Hitler and his henchmen The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich has its shortcomings among them an archaic and heavily belabored distaste for homosexuality but there is no denying its place in the firmament All books coming after had to deal with its shadow John Toland s The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire is a Pacific Theater counterpoint to Shirer s masterwork It tells the tale of the other side of World War II and does so mainly from the point of view of the Japanese Upon publication it won the Pulitzer Prize and can be found in the endnotes and bibliography of just about every subseuent book written about the Pacific War More than anything though it is a book that finds that perfect balance between macro and micro between general and private and civilian It always strives to hold the big picture clear but never fails to remind you of the individuals who collectively made that big picture As such this is a rare history one that is scholarly and massively researched yet also shot through with empathy compassion and humanism It is one of the best books I ve read on World War II Toland begins in 1936 with young Japanese radicals bent on assassinating several of the Emperor s advisers These men were practicing gekokujo or insubordination a semi legitimate form of rebellion In this opening chapter Toland briskly sometimes too briskly outlines the background that fomented gekokujo the fall of monarchies after World War I the competition between democracy socialism and Communism that came in its wake the rapid westernization of Japan and the resulting scandals and corruption Japan s population explosion and the inevitable blowback by conservatives and nationalists During Japan s rise as a Pacific power it invaded Manchuria which it saw as a buffer against the Soviet Union with whom they d warred at the beginning of the century and as a source of raw materials and in 1932 established the puppet state of Manchukuo The creation of Manchukuo obviously heightened tensions between China and Japan Those tensions came to a head in 1937 at the Marco Polo Bridge in an incident that better marks the actual beginning of World War II as opposed to the September 1 1939 invasion of Poland by Hitler The clash at the Marco Polo Bridge led to full scale war including the infamous Nanking Massacre The only real criticism I have with The Rising Sun is in Toland s handling of the Second Sino Japanese War Part of the reason I bought this book was to learn about this forgotten theater Unfortunately however Toland deals with China in a cursory fashion He does not take the time to develop the strategy of the war or explain in great detail how it unfolded The fall of Nanking merits barely a page This stands in stark contrast to the space devoted to the American Japanese conflict beginning in 1942 For instance Toland devotes an entire and yes brilliant chapter to the battle of Guadalcanal In other words despite the broad claims of its cover The Rising Sun is mainly focused on the war between American and Japan This means less attention though it s not entirely ignored paid to China s dual struggle against Japan and themselves Britain s collapse in Singapore the Burma Campaign and the massive battles of Kohima and Imphal in IndiaEven though Toland decides to place his heaviest emphasis on familiar territory it nevertheless manages to be revelatory After the earlier chapters which felt compressed The Rising Sun hits its stride in the run up to Pearl Harbor You get to see the rationale behind Japan s decisions its attempts to negotiate with America especially through Prince Konoye and the different factions within the Japanese ministry When we think of Japan in World War II we think of Nanking and Pearl Harbor of the Bataan Death March and kamikazes Prime Minister Tojo has become a caricature of evil divorced from any of the human traits that even Hitler has posthumously been granted These conceptions do little to broaden our understanding of what actually happened By taking us into the backrooms of Japanese policymaking we get to see the world and its perils as they did They faced many difficulties as a small overcrowded island nation a net importer of just about everything When President Roosevelt decided to turn of the oil spigot it was as grave a threat to Japan as Khrushchev s October missiles were to the United States in 1962To be sure Japan s colonial impulses were brutal but they had learned from the best that is from Europe It is also interesting as Toland notes how Japan s pan Asian ambitions did not fall entirely on deaf ears There were many people for whom an Asian power in the Pacific was preferable to the white powers that had dominated for a hundred years or using their human capital and removing their resources for exploitation elsewhere After the war of course that pan Asian spark was enough to incite anti colonial movements all over Asia including Indochina and India The difficulty in writing this type of history is that you are taking the side of the conuered And history of course is written by the winners That means that Allied atrocities are subordinated to the carnage perpetrated by the bad guys In other words the casual reader familiar with the winner s take might feel that Toland is soft peddling Japan s crimes I don t think he does Anything that smacks of such is a function of the point of view he has chosen for his narrative Nobody does evil thinking it is evil there is always a rationalization followed by a rationalization until you re in too deep A good example of this is the Bataan Death March Toland does not skimp on the horrors suffered by MacArthur s captured troops but does place it in a milieu divorced from contemporary propaganda He shows how the overarching cause of the Death March was Japan s poor planning and its utter surprise at America s collapse in the Philippines They were simply not prepared for the influx of tens of thousands of starving disease ridden soldiers General Homma s execution at the end of the war can only be seen as MacArthur s crass punishment of the man who kicked his ass off Corregidor Though General Homma did not set out to massacre his prisoners there were certainly men under his command who intended just that This filtered down to the rank and file Japanese soldier who was created within a framework of unending violence beaten by his superiors taught to fight to the death imbued with the belief that capture was dishonor and that the way of the warrior was death Toland was an author especially suited as far as a white American could be to tell this story as he was married to a Japanese woman named Toshiko who assisted as his interpreter By giving an account of the Pacific War from the Japanese perspective he gave them a humanity denied by wartime hyperbole of unthinking unfeeling murderous fanatics Toland gives them a voice uotes their letters and diaries stands with them in their pillboxes or on the street the day a bomb exploded with the light of a thousand suns My greatest surprise in reading The Rising Sun was its emotional impact It begins as a straightforward chronological history marked by tremendous research but structurally run of the mill As the book progresses though you recognize the elegance of Toland s construction how he weaves the stories of heretofore unknown participants into the grander narrative Part of the reason The Rising Sun is so effective so powerful is the way Toland threads the mini arcs of participants into the larger story During the Battle of Saipan for instance Toland follows the travails of a young Japanese nurse and shows you the war through her eyes in all its terrible limited scope In Garapan a young volunteer nurse by the name of Shizuko Miura a tomboy with a round merry face flinched as the first shells landed She peered out the window of the first air station into the dim light The Americans were bombarding the town again As the explosions moved closer she helped transfer those wounded in the earlier shelling to a dugout With daylight came enemy planes and an even violent barrage from the ships It is June 14 Shizuko thought calmly I have lived for eighteen years and my time to die has come A shell shook the dugout like an earthuake and knocked her to the ground She staggered outside The first aid station was obliterated She saw a piece of red metal it was shrapnel and curious touched it with her finger It burned her Planes droned overhead but no one was firing at them Garapan was aflame The heat was so intense that she could hardly breathe She started to make her way through the rubbled streets strewn with bodiesToland was able to tell stories like this because of his diligent primary research In the source section you will find ten pages filled with names noting all the people with whom he d conducted interviews The names include prime ministers admirals and also Shizuko Miura For this reason alone The Rising Sun is a touchstone of World War II writing The firsthand information gathered from these participants many of whom might have been forgotten has proven invaluable to historians and writers who have followed in Toland s footprints But this is not the only reason to read The Rising Sun or even the best Rather it is a testament to humanity in the midst of the most inhuman period of human existence In Toland s own words it is a story that is muddled ennobling disgraceful frustrating full of paradox

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Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 John Toland » 6 Read Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland E war in the Pacific Toland crafts a riveting and unbiased narrative history In his Foreword Toland says that if we are to draw any conclusion from The Rising Sun it is “that there are no simple lessons in history that it is human nature that repeats itself not history?. An epic account of the Japanese war Toland tells the story from many different perspectives from the Emperor and his aides to the lowly soldier trapped in Guadalcanal It is all here the prelude to Pearl Harbour to the finale of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Many aspects are of interest the Japanese were continually obsessed with striking the fatal knock out blow At Pearl Harbour they believed they had accomplished that They tried again at Midway Tarawa to be held for one thousand years Saipan and on and on They even believed they could destroy the enemy on the Japanese mainland Another aspect is the ferociousness of the combatants who refused to surrender and viewed suicide as the honourable way to leave life There were always substantially Japanese deaths than American ones in most of the conflictsJohn Toland s varying montages of the agony of battles of prisoners of war of the victims of fire bombing are all very poignant The build up to the attack on Pearl Harbour and the frustration and miscues on both sides is very well told The end with the Potsdam Proclamation that was completely rejected by the Japanese government followed by the dropping of the atomic bombs well documents the legacy of the wars ending I feel at times that Mr Toland is too lenient with Hirohito s performance he could have prevented Pearl Harbour and the subseuent Japanese onslaught in Asia The Japanese had signed the Tri partite Pact with Hitler and Mussolini and this was ill received by the Anglo American democracies This was somewhat overlooked by Mr Toland Nevertheless this book is a great accomplishment and presents the war with all its detailed planning from the Japanese viewpoint Nos trajeron los barcos unbiased narrative history In his Foreword Toland says that if we are to draw any conclusion from The Rising Sun it is “that there are no simple lessons in history that it is human nature that repeats itself not history?. An epic account of the Japanese war Toland tells the story from many different perspectives from the Emperor and his aides to the lowly soldier trapped in Guadalcanal It is all here the prelude to Pearl Harbour to the finale of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Many aspects are of interest the Japanese were continually obsessed with striking the fatal knock out blow At Pearl Harbour they believed they had accomplished that They tried again at Midway Tarawa to be held for one thousand years Saipan and on and on They even believed they could destroy the enemy on the Japanese mainland Another aspect is the ferociousness of the combatants who refused to surrender and viewed suicide as the honourable way to leave life There were always substantially Japanese deaths than American ones in most of the conflictsJohn Toland s varying montages of the agony of battles of prisoners of war of the victims of fire bombing are all very poignant The build Maria dos Canos Serrados up to the attack on Pearl Harbour and the frustration and miscues on both sides is very well told The end with the Potsdam Proclamation that was completely rejected by the Japanese government followed by the dropping of the atomic bombs well documents the legacy of the wars ending I feel at times that Mr Toland is too lenient with Hirohito s performance he could have prevented Pearl Harbour and the subseuent Japanese onslaught in Asia The Japanese had signed the Tri partite Pact with Hitler and Mussolini and this was ill received by the Anglo American democracies This was somewhat overlooked by Mr Toland Nevertheless this book is a great accomplishment and presents the war with all its detailed planning from the Japanese viewpoint

John Toland » 6 Read

Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 John Toland » 6 Read Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland ?s words “a factual saga of people caught up in the flood of the most overwhelming war of mankind told as it happened muddled ennobling disgraceful frustrating full of paradox”In weaving together the historical facts and human drama leading up to and culminating in th. With a Nobel prize winning book John Toland accomplishes telling the Japanese side of WWII The 1930 s were an interesting time in Asia Japan had an exploding population and no natural resources They also had a very dangerous enemy in Communist Soviet Union threatening her Japan s solution laid in Northern China s Manchuria They occupied Manchuria easily because China was too weak to defend it Japanese business moved in and Japanese populated it Manchuria provided a number of benefits to Japan They included not only a territory to expand into but also had some natural resources More importantly however it was a buffer between the Soviet Union and Japan itself China s fear of further Japanese aggression led their weak governmental military forces to combine with the government s inner enemy the Chinese Communist forces in a joint effort against JapanSoon menacing Chinese forces fired on the Japanese at the Marco Polo Bridge Japan retaliated thrashing the Chinese forces and occupying vast Chinese territory including Nanking However some poorly disciplined Japanese soldiers unbeknown to their Commander General Jwane Mastui raped murdered and massacred as many as 300000 Chinese civiliansWith this background the book gives us a good detail of the history of AmericanJapanese relations They began in 1853 when Mathew Perry s ships pulled into Tokyo Bay with a letter from President Milliard Fill asking Japan to open its doors to American goods Good relations continued with America s support for Japan in the Russo Japanese War American Investment Bank Kuhn Loeb and Co financed much of the war for Japan And in 1905 President Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace prize for brokering the end of the Russo Japanese War Also in doing so saved Japan from economic collapse However the Japanese people were never told by their government of their pending economic collapse due to the cost of the war so they correspondingly held the US accountable because the war was stopped while Japan was clearly winning Now back to the story Japan had taken control of Northern China Manchuria and Vietnam where she had a place to populate her growing citizenry As a result America instituted restricting exports to Japan Oil was the main restricted export In fact Japan received 100% of its oil from the USA Without oil Japan could not maintain its expanding territory Japan had also partnered with Germany and Italy because she feared an Anglo Saxon takeover of the World by America and England She also correctly held the view that the West held her to a double standard specifically because of her race What Japan meant was that England had colonies in the Caribbean Central America and elsewhere America had taken Texas and California from Mexico as well as annexing Hawaii and the Philippines Yet Japan had no right to expand Japan had intensively prepared for the Pearl Harbor attack They also tried to avoid attacking America through diplomacy However combinations of forces worked against a diplomatic solution First FDR s Secretary of State Cordell Hull did not trust the Japanese Second America s friendship with England and Japan s alliance with Germany did not bode well for the Japanese England had already been at war with Germany at the time of Japan s attempted diplomacy Third Japanese atrocities committed against the Chinese provided a less sympathetic American government Fourth bad translations of messages turned sincere attempts at reconciliation into belligerently viewed intelligence In addition Japan had been running out of oil so the longer they waited for a diplomatic solution the dire their situation gotWith those conditions Japan s attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7 1941 was very successful from their point of view They had killed 2403 Americans sunk 18 ships and destroyed 188 planesWhen Winston Churchill found out he immediately called President Roosevelt When the President confirmed Winston hung up went to bed and had a good night sleep America was now in the war England was now savedThe war in the Pacific did not start out well for the Allies America and England First the Japanese stunned the English with a victory at the Battle of Singapore In 7 days Japan inflicted upon England their largest surrender in their very active military history That followed with a Japanese Sea victory at Java an island south of Borneo The Allies luck changed with the Battle of Midland The Allies learned of the coming Japanese attack and planned a brilliant counter by surprising Japan with a bombing raid on Japan s homeland This was planned and implemented by James Doolittle This attack shook Japan s air of invincibility The Allies triumphant victory followedAs the war went on America saw victories Long lasting military heroes such as Douglass MacArthur Bull Halsey and Chester Nimitz emerged as a result Mr Toland vividly describes the atrocities of all of the major battles with spine chilling accuracy The fact that the Japanese belief that surrender was worse than death was something that only made their state worse Mr Toland describes the compassion American soldiers had on Japanese prisoners of war Feeding nursing and treating their captives with respect were the typical American prison camp norms When America developed the Atomic bomb it was calculated that using it would end the war and save thousands of lives However leaflets dropped on Japan about the dire conseuences that America s new weapon would bring were ignored And still after the A bomb was dropped on Hiroshima they refused to surrender The second bomb dropped on Nagasaki would finally and reluctantly convince Japan to capitulate At the surrender ceremony MacArthur gave an absolutely brilliant speech which left the Japanese newspaper Nippon Times to say a new Japan which will vindicate our pride by winning the respect of the world


10 thoughts on “(E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

  1. says: Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] John Toland » 6 Read

    (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] John Toland » 6 Read Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 “Shigenori Togo had just arrived at the Palace grounds Stars shone brilliantly It was going to be a fine day The Foreign Minister was immediately ushered into the Emperor’s presence It was almost at the exact moment that Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomurawas supposed to see Secretary of State Cordell Hull Togo read Presi

  2. says: Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland John Toland » 6 Read (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

    Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland John Toland » 6 Read Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 Looking for a relatively light read I picked this off the shelves where it had been sitting for years Having read a couple of his other books

  3. says: (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

    (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] This book explores Japan’s involvement in World War II It focuses upon the Pacific theater and upon battles the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and finally it explains in detail why it took so long for the Jap

  4. says: Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland John Toland » 6 Read Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45

    (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] 4 Stars This is probably one of the best one volume history of the Pacific war that I have read It doesn't make the mistake of beginning with Japan's war with the West but starts with the positioning before the Marco Polo bridge in

  5. says: (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

    John Toland » 6 Read Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] This is the third big book on the Pacific War I have read recently Ian Toll's first two books of a planned trilogy Pacific Crucible and The Conuering Tide were a magnificent historical account of the war from both sides So given that this book

  6. says: John Toland » 6 Read Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

    (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] With a Nobel prize winning book John Toland accomplishes telling the Japanese side of WWII The 1930’s were an interesting time in Asia Japan h

  7. says: Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

    (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] John Toland » 6 Read Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 Winner of the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for General Non Fiction this book covers the War in the Pacific from a Japanes

  8. says: John Toland » 6 Read (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45]

    Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] An epic account of the Japanese war Toland tells the story from many different perspectives – from the Emperor and his aides to the lowly soldier trapped in Guadalcanal It is all here – the prelude to Pearl Harbour to the finale of the bom

  9. says: (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland John Toland » 6 Read

    Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 John Toland » 6 Read (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] I generally avoid histories of WWII I enjoy history immensely but between Hollywood the History Channel and the vast array of fictions and histories this war has been done to death I would guess the reason for this is that it is still in our living memories it was the last war with a clear line between good and evil and because it was readil

  10. says: Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland John Toland » 6 Read Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45

    (E–pub READ) [The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45] Download ò PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB » John Toland Free read The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45 Mammoth history of Japan's involvement in the Second World War Toland seeks to emulate the sweep if not the edit

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  • Paperback
  • 976
  • The Rising Sun The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire 1936 45
  • John Toland
  • English
  • 07 June 2020
  • 9780812968583